Wednesday, May 31, 2017
Climeworks launches world’s first commercial plant to capture CO2 from air
- Direct Air Capture plant near Zurich filters 900 tonnes of CO2 from atmosphere to supply to greenhouse, replacing fossil industrial CO2
- Historic moment for industrial greenhouse gas removal approaches, deemed crucial to stay below two degrees of global warming
- Climeworks aims to capture one per cent of global CO2 emissions by 2025
Hinwil (Canton of Zurich, Switzerland) / May 31st, 2017
Today Climeworks has launched the world’s first commercial plant that captures atmospheric CO2 for supply and sale to a customer. The Swiss direct air capture company, and Virgin Earth Challenge finalists, launched the commercial-scale Direct Air Capture (DAC) plant, featuring its patented technology that filters carbon dioxide from ambient air. The plant is now supplying 900 tonnes of CO2 annually to a nearby greenhouse to help grow vegetables. The plant is a historic step for ‘negative emissions’ (a.k.a. Greenhouse Gas Removal) – earmarked by the Paris climate agreement as being vital in the quest to limit a global temperature rise of 2 °C.
Founded by engineers, Christoph Gebald and Jan Wurzbacher, Climeworks developed its technology to capture atmospheric carbon with a filter, using mainly low-grade heat as an energy source. In Hinwil the DAC plant has been installed on the roof of a waste recovery facility – operated by the municipal administration union KEZO – with its waste heat powering the Climeworks DAC plant.
Image by Julia Dunlop, courtesy of Climeworks.
During the Climeworks capture process, CO2 is chemically deposited on the filter surface. Once the filter is saturated, the CO2 is then isolated at a temperature of about 100 °C. The pure captured CO2 gas can then be sold to customers in key markets, including: commercial agriculture, food and beverage industries, the energy sector and the automotive industry. In Hinwil, Climeworks provides a continuous supply of CO2 through an underground pipeline to a greenhouse 400m away, operated by Gebrüder Meier Primanatura AG, to assist with growing vegetables such as tomatoes and cucumbers.
By securing this supply agreement, Climeworks has ensured the Hinwil operation is the world’s first direct air capture plant with a commercial customer – an important step for the future of negative emissions technologies. The Hinwil plant will operate as a three-year demonstration project in co-operation with the partners Gebrüder Meier and KEZO, and with a contribution towards non-amortisable costs by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE).
Image by Julia Dunlop, courtesy of Climeworks.
Removing carbon from the atmosphere to help achieve the two degrees target
“Highly scalable negative emission [a.k.a. carbon removal] technologies are crucial if we are to stay below the two degree target of the international community,” says Christoph Gebald, co-founder and managing director of Climeworks. “The DAC-technology provides distinct advantages to achieve this aim and is perfectly suitable to be combined with underground storage. We’re working hard to reach the goal of filtering one per cent of global CO2 emissions by 2025. To achieve this, we estimate around 250,000 DAC-plants like the one in Hinwil are necessary.”
L-R: Christoph Gebald, and Jan Wurzbacher. Image by Julia Dunlop, courtesy of Climeworks.
Raw material for beverages, fuel and materials
The CO2 captured by Climeworks can be used to carbonate beverages or produce climateneutral fuels and other materials. Capturing CO2 locally for industrial uses enables customers to reduce their emissions and lessen their dependence on fossil fuels, as currently most industrial CO2 is transported from fossil point sources via truck to industries on site.
In comparison to other carbon capture technologies, a modular Climeworks plant can be employed almost anywhere. In coming months Climeworks plans to launch additional commercial pilot projects in key target markets and wants to test its technology’s potential to deliver negative emissions by combining it with underground storage. “With the energy and economic data from the plant we can make reliable calculations for other, larger projects and draw on the practical experience we have gained.” says Jan Wurzbacher, Climeworks co-founder and managing director.
18 collectors filtering 900 tonnes of CO2
Eighteen Climeworks CO2 collectors have been installed on top of the roof of the waste utilization plant, in view of the greenhouses 400 meters away. “The fans on the outside serve to suck in the ambient air,” Christoph explains. Within each collector begins the process of adsorption and desorption before the air with reduced CO2 content is blown out again. “Our filters are saturated with CO2 within a few hours”, Christoph describes.
To ensure the process of desorption, the saturated filter is heated up to about 100 degrees Celsius. “For this we use the waste heat from KEZO, making our process particularly resource friendly”, Christoph explains. Then the high purity CO2 is isolated and transferred to the Meier brothers’ greenhouses via gas pipeline. The agricultural enterprise annually buys up to 900 tonnes of the gas from Climeworks at market prices.
“Using CO2 generated from local ambient air blends in well with our sustainable principles and supports the marketing of our products”, says Meier. The growth of cucumbers or tomatoes, which the company grows for Swiss wholesales, is increased significantly. Until now, a truck had to cover large distances to fill up a CO2 tank to ensure their supply.
Climeworks is capturing CO2 from air with the world’s first commercial carbon removal technology, capable of removing 900 tonnes of CO2 from ambient air annually. The direct air capture plants remove CO2 from the atmosphere to supply to customers and to unlock a negative emissions future.
The pure CO2 gas is sold to customers in key markets, including: commercial agriculture, food and beverage industries, the energy sector and the automotive industry. Customers utilise this atmospheric CO2 in carbonated drinks or for producing carbon-neutral hydrocarbon fuels and materials. By using Climeworks’ CO2, their customers can reduce their overall emissions as well as lowering their dependence on fossil energy.
Climeworks’ plants are modular, scalable and can be located independently of emission sources, allowing security of supply wherever there is atmospheric air. Importantly, their plants can be utilised for negative emissions [also known as carbon drawdown, carbon removal, or greenhouse gas removal], which will be vital in the quest to limit a global temperature rise of 2 °C. Compared to other carbon removal approaches, direct air capture does not depend on arable land, has a small physical footprint, and, developers argue, is fully scalable.
Founded by engineers, Christoph Gebald and Jan Wurzbacher, Climeworks has assembled the largest team of experts in the field and developed high-quality testing and production facilities. Climeworks will keep working to realise its mission to capture one per cent of global emissions by 2025.
More information: www.climeworks.com
Contact: Martin Jendrischik, firstname.lastname@example.org, +49 341 52 57 60 50
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